Unveiling the Enchanting History of Hoa Lu Ancient Capital


In the 10th and 11th centuries, Hoa Lu was a centre for government and trade. This is important to the country’s history and culture. Hoa Lu has beautiful nature scenery, old temples, and royal relics.

Dinh and Le Temples: Dynastic Wonders

The most important Hoa Lu temples are Dinh Tien Hoang and Le Dai Hanh. These temples celebrating their kingdoms’ founders show ancient architecture. The 17th-century Dinh Tien Hoang Temple houses the beautiful Dai Dinh Temple, the elaborate Phuong Dung Temple, and the peaceful Linh Nam Temple. Vietnamese-style curling red-tiled roofs cover every building. The later Le Dai Hanh Temple has three main shrines to King Le Dai Hanh, his queen, and royal family members. Temples have similar styles. Stone statues of historical events and exotic animals cover the temple walls. These carvings show period art.

How to Get to Hoa Lu

Hoa Lu, a short cab ride from Noi Bai International Airport, offers historical and cultural adventures. Transit takes 1.5–2 hours, depending on traffic. Price ranges from 1.5 million to 2 million VND ($65 to $85 USD). Book a metered cab from taxi Noi Bai or Grab ride-sharing service in advance for clarity and convenience.

Discovering Hoa Lu’s Secrets

The Dinh and Le Temples are Hoa Lu’s crown jewels, although the old capital boasts many other historical sites. The Royal Citadel’s crumbling defence symbolises Vietnam’s turbulent past. Climb 480 steep steps to Mua Cave. When they arrive, rice fields and limestone mountains surround them. Antiques from Dinh and Le kingdom history are on display at the Hoa Lu Museum. History buffs can learn.

Ancient Pagodas Connect Spiritually

Historic pagodas and civilizations abound in Hoa Lu. Bich Dong Pagoda is calm due to rock cliffs. Climb the pagodas’ tiers to discover Buddhist sites and stunning views. Another remarkable example of religious and environmental concord is the Le Dynasty-built Tam Coc Pagoda. Visitors can see how Hoa Lu locals practise their faith and feel the city’s spiritual heart at the pagodas.

Delicious Local Food and Unique Cultural Treats

Try Hoa Lu’s distinctive food. Ninh Binh eats well. Frog leg stir-fried rice and caramelised fish are my favourites. Cám Cháy, or “crispy rice,” comprises flattened rice flakes. Learn how to make these delectable meals in a traditional Vietnamese cooking class and experience the culture.

Traditional Craft Souvenirs

Hoa Lu suits craftsmen. Local artists make lacquerware, silk paintings, and embroidery. Markets and shops in Hoa Lu feature unique items that reflect the city’s culture. To take home Vietnam’s art, buy a hand-painted silk scarf, intricately carved wood furniture, or beautiful lacquerware.

Past Festivals and Events

Hoa Lu hosts colourful festivals and cultural activities year-round to highlight its rich past. Best known is the spring Hoa Lu Festival. This festival features traditional dance performances, canal boat races, and gourmet food shops selling local goods. Events like these showcase Hoa Lu’s rich culture and how practices have been passed down.


A local guide will enhance your Hoa Lu culture experience. Their temple, pagoda, and other landmark knowledge will clarify their past and importance. Visit the historic city for half a day. This gives you plenty of time to enjoy this unique place’s beauty and solitude. Everyone can find accommodations in Hoa Lu. Rural homestays offer local hospitality, while Ninh Binh hotels offer modern luxury. The attractive old city of Vietnam has rich history and culture.

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